While a certain amount of cholesterol is needed, too much cholesterol is unhealthy. An excessive amount of cholesterol can block blood flow in the arteries. This lack of blood flow can lead to a stroke.While there are no symptoms of high cholesterol, a simple blood test can provide you with the results. Cholesterol levels can be controlled or reduced with an active and healthy lifestyle.
There are three different types of cholesterol. This includes:
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the “bad” cholesterol that builds up in the walls of the arteries, narrowing them and blocking blood flow.
- Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) also narrows the blood vessels and contains the most triglycerides, another type of fat that can lead to pancreatitis if too much is present.
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the “good” cholesterol that returns excess cholesterol to the liver.
A low-fat diet and losing weight in general can help lower LDL and triglyceride levels. While these lifestyle changes are usually effective in treating high cholesterol, they may not be enough. Even though you may have made these changes if your total cholesterol levels still remain high the following options may be suggested:
- Medication for cholesterol reduction
- Medication for triglyceride reduction
- Hormone replacement therapy
These steps can also help prevent high cholesterol. Talk to your doctor about your potential risks and what you can do to reduce them.
The endocrine glands are responsible for secreting hormones in our bodies. These glands include the thyroid in the front of the neck, four parathyroids behind the thyroid, two adrenal glands near each kidney, neuroendocrine glands in the pancreas and the pituitary gland in the brain. If they are not functioning correctly and secrete either too little or too much of a hormone, you may develop a disorder.
Hormonal Imbalances can cause the following disorders:
- Infertility – Infertility that results from hormonal imbalance can very often be treated by hormone replacement therapy, which has helped many couples have children.
- Pituitary Disorders – The pituitary produces several hormones that control the body’s other glands, and, as such, it is often called the master gland of the body. When the pituitary produces too much or too little of these hormones, a hormonal imbalance is caused that can lead to many health problems, including growth disorders, infertility, menstrual disorders, and Cushing’s syndrome. Pituitary disorders may often be the result of tumors on the gland itself.
- Bone Disorders – Certain hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, have a significant affect on bone health. Endocrinologists are trained to diagnose and treat the hormonal imbalances that can cause osteoporosis and other bone disorders that can be caused by thyroid hormone imbalances or long-term steroid use.
- Lipid Disorders – Lipid disorders indicate an abnormal level of body fats and can result in high levels of bad cholesterols and/or triglycerides in the blood, which can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, circulation problems, and stroke. Our doctors are trained to detect hormonal imbalances which can lead to lipid disorders, such as hypothyroidism, and other factors, such as long-term steroid use, metabolic conditions, or genetic predispositions, with can result in an abnormal level of body fats.
At North Oaks Internal Medicine, we are trained to provide care for a wide range of gastrointestinal disorders. Our skilled physicians have a great deal of experience performing diagnostic procedures in order to evaluate the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. We always strive to provide our patients with the most advanced treatments available to restore their health and quality of life.
Some of the most prevalent conditions of the digestive system we treat are:
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Crohn’s Disease
- Colorectal Cancer
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GRD)
- Stomach Flu
- Ulcerative Colitis
Sleep disorders are common conditions that involve difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up. Sleep disorders may develop as a result of changes in the brain regions and neurotransmitters, stress, anxiety, depression, poor sleep habits or many other possible causes. By not getting sufficient sleep at night, many people are affected during the day and may have difficulty completing their everyday activities.
Some of the most common sleep disorders include:
- Snoring and Sleep Apnea
- Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
You can take certain actions to help get a good night’s sleep, such as setting a routine, exercising regularly, avoiding caffeine, nicotine and alcohol, avoiding lying in bed while awake and relaxing before bedtime.